The aviation industry is one which came into being in the 18th century. And since then, the industry has evolved past various stages. There is the civil aviation industry which consists of all non-military-owned flights; they include commercial airlines such as Airbus, Boeing, Embraer, Bombardier among others. There are also military flights consisting of fighter jets, ground-attack aircraft, drones surveillance aircraft, missiles amongst others. Whichever flight is being discussed, there is one thing common about the aviation industry and that is aviation safety. Like every other transport industry, the aviation sector is also very keen on the safety of air transportation. Aviation safety involves the practice, theory, categorization, and investigation of various flight failures. It also deals with the prevention and control of air accidents through regulations and training.

There are various agencies responsible for setting up regulations in the aviation sector. These agencies are distinct from specific geopolitical zones. The agency responsible for aircraft regulations and licensing in the united state of America is called the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA). While the agency responsible for aircrafts regulations and control in Europe is known as the European Aviation Safety Agency. There are several other agencies responsible for aircraft control and regulation in various countries and continents but for the course of this article, the above-mentioned agencies are the major focus.


FAA– The Federal Aviation Administration is a governmental agency in the United States of America that is responsible for the regulation of all forms of civil aviation activities in the country together with aviation activities in the boundaries of its international body of water. The FAA is responsible for the construction and all the development of airport operations and aviation facilities, regulation of the United States commercial air space, air traffic control, certification and licenses of aircraft, revoking, issuing, or suspension of licenses, and the protection of air services in the United States of America. The FAA was created on the 23rd of August 1958 and is being presided over by the civil aeronautics administration agency.  The FAA is separated into four different lines of business. And each line plays a distinct role in achieving the aims of the FAA. The various lines include; airports that supervise the construction and operations of airports and ensuring that they obey the regulations of the agency. The air traffic organization is responsible for ensuring safety in the airways. Aviation safety is responsible for the safety of aircraft personnel like pilots, aeronautic engineers among others; it is also the body responsible for issuing a certificate of fitness to these aircrafts personnel. Commercial space transportation is responsible for the protection of the assets of the country when launching new commercial space aircraft.

EASA– The European Union Aviation safety agency is an agency of the European Union that is responsible for civil aviation activities and safety. Its responsibilities include regulation of aviation activities, certification of airports and aviation workers, monitoring of aviation facilities and also carrying out investigations concerning the aviation system of the countries it represents. European aviation safety authority was birthed in 1996 but the agency was formally created on the 12th of July 2002. The agency represents countries under the European Union and countries in the European free trade association.

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